実践英会話教室11

The Day After Tomorrow(あさって)

時刻を表す言葉は(tomorrow,yesterday etc.)私たち英語を学ぶ生徒の憶えなければならない必須の言葉ですが、日本人の共通の間違いの一つとして、after とbefore の使い方があげられます。

Starting Now

過去や未来をあらわす語は、現在を表す語: this minute, this hour, today, this week, this month, this year,などをもとにして表現されます。簡単な例をあげます:

現在から1日後
正: I'm going to leave tomorrow. (明日出発します。)

上の表現は明らかなので、だれも間違わないでしょうが、次はどうでしょう:

現在から3週間後
正: I'm going to leave in 3 weeks.(3週間後に出発します。)
間違い: I'm going to leave after 3 weeks.
間違い: I'm going to leave 3 weeks after.

また、過去をあらわす表現ではt:

今から2年前
正: He went 2 years ago.(彼は2年前に行きました。)
間違い: He went before 2 years.
間違い: He went 2 years before.

Special Phrases

過去や未来をあらわす特別な単語がありますから、注意してください:

現在から1日前
正: He went yesterday.
正: He went 1 day ago.
間違い: He left 1 day before.
現在から2週間後
正: I'm going to leave the week after next.
正: I'm going to leave in 2 weeks.
間違い: I'm going to leave 2 weeks after.

A Big Chart

現在、過去、未来をあらわす語をまとめてみました。a day ago と 1 day ago, は同じと考えてよいです.

現在-3 現在-2 現在-1 現在 現在+1 現在+2 現在+3
3 minutes ago 2 minutes ago a minute ago this minute
(hour)
in a minute in 2 minutes in 3 minutes
3 days ago the day before yesterday yesterday
1 day ago
today tomorrow
in 1 day
the day after tomorrow
in 2 days
in 3 days
3 weeks ago the week before last
2 weeks ago
last week
a week ago
this week
(month)
(year)
next week
in a week
the week after next
in 2 weeks
in 3 weeks


 

 



 


The Day After Tomorrow

There's a group of phrases used for talking about time that every student needs to learn. In fact, a very common mistake in conversation is to use before and after when the phrases below should be used.

Starting Now

Throughout this lesson, it's important to remember that we are talking about past and future times now. Our point of view is the present: this minute, this hour, today, this week, this month, this year, etc. Here's a simple example:

Now + 1 day
Right: I'm going to leave tomorrow.

This is an obvious example, and no one would make a mistake here. But look at this:

Now + 3 weeks
Right: I'm going to leave in 3 weeks.
Wrong: I'm going to leave after 3 weeks.
Wrong: I'm going to leave 3 weeks after.

Here's an example referring to a past event:

Now - 2 years
Right: He went 2 years ago.
Wrong: He went before 2 years.
Wrong: He went 2 years before.

Special Phrases

In some cases there are special words or phrases you can use to express the past or future time:

Now - 1 day
Right: He went yesterday.
Right: He went 1 day ago.
Wrong: He left 1 day before.
Now + 2 weeks
Right: I'm going to leave the week after next.
Right: I'm going to leave in 2 weeks.
Wrong: I'm going to leave 2 weeks after.

A Big Chart

Here's a table showing many possible combinations. In general, you can use a or 1 interchangeably, so a day ago means the same as 1 day ago, for example.

Now - 3 Now - 2 Now - 1 Now Now + 1 Now + 2 Now + 3
3 minutes ago 2 minutes ago a minute ago this minute
(hour)
in a minute in 2 minutes in 3 minutes
3 days ago the day before yesterday yesterday
1 day ago
today tomorrow
in 1 day
the day after tomorrow
in 2 days
in 3 days
3 weeks ago the week before last
2 weeks ago
last week
a week ago
this week
(month)
(year)
next week
in a week
the week after next
in 2 weeks
in 3 weeks

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